Problem 8.3 Development of Surfaces of Solids

Problem 8.3 Development of Surfaces of Solids – The cylinder with diameter Ø 50 mm and height 60 mm as shown in the fig. 2 below. Develop the surface of the cylinder.

Development of Surfaces Problems - Engineering Drawing
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Procedure:

Step-1 Draw a horizontal x-y line of some suitable length.

Step-2 Draw a circle of radius 25 mm below the x-y line at some suitable distance from it. Divide this circle into 12 equal divisions as shown in the figure. Give notations on it. It is top view of the cylinder.

Step-3 From the center of the circle in the top view, draw a vertical center line of length 60 mm from the x-y line as shown in the figure. And from the all notations of the circle draw vertical projectors of length 60 mm from the x-y line as shown in the figure. It is a rectangular shape. And Give the notations on it. It is front view of the cylinder.

Step-4 Draw a profile with medium dark lines and curves as per dimensions given in the front view of the cylinder.

Step-5 Draw a line from the top of the cylinder in the front view exactly parallel with the x-y line, and make a vertical line between the x-y line and the line drawn from the top of the cylinder at some suitable distance from the line g’-7’, as shown in the figure. And give the notations 1-A on it as per the figure given above. From the point A draw another vertical line at the distance equal to πD, where D= Diameter of the circle in the top view.

Step-6 Then divide this rectangle in 12 equal divisions, because of the 12 divisions of the circle. Then give the notations on it in capital letters like, A-1, B-2, C-3, etc. as shown in the figure, connects these all the points with light straight lines, these are the generators of the cylinder. It is a rectangle. And it is the development of the vertical surface of the cylinder.

Step-7 Now from the cutting points of the profile with the respective vertical generators of the cylinder in the front view, draw horizontal light parallel lines, up to the respective generators in the development of the vertical surface of the cylinder. Then connect the respective points either with medium dark straight lines or medium dark free hand curves, depending on the profile of the cylinder given in the front view.

Step-8 This is the development of the vertical surface of the cylinder.

Step-9 Give the dimensions by any one method of dimensions and give the notations as shown into the figure.

Author: Vasim Machhar

An Engineering Drawing Geek. Working at Noble Group of Institutions, Junagadh as Head of Mechanical Engineering Department.